• The Bauhaus followed the principles and values that the Wiener Werkstaette and the Arts and Crafts movement established.
  • Weimar Republic one of the most creative periods in the 20th century

Cabaret (1972) Willkommen

Berlin 1930s

ruskin, morris, edward burne-jones arts and crafts movement represents fear of industrialisation

Passmore Edwards (founded camberwell) also walter crane (south london gallery)

Herman Muthesius (Germany) Das Englische Haus - celebration of the english lifestyle Cultural Spy for the prussian government only room in the house that is forward-thinking is the bathroom “Art based on actual modern conditions” Bathroom is the height of arts

Viewed Berlin Jugenstil School as backward german art virtually unknown The word german had become synonymous with tasteless

helped to set up werkbund behind the scenes werkund works together with factory owners, artists, designers, people from wiener werbund, KT dude from AEG

Adolf Loose - Ornament and Crime very influental for the werkbund ornamentation causes things to go out of fashion “ornament IS crime” becomes moernist mantra

Peter Behrens - Product designer, designed turbine building for aeg Walter Gropius Mies Van der Rohe Le Corbusier All worked for behrens

First world war

Made Walter gropius question is ideas about industrialism kaiser steps down, new government is formed in weimar

Walter Gropius merges two schools together into staatliches baugaus weimar manifesto - architecture is fucked up KT in order to make architecture, you have to make everuthing that goes into it “Gesamtkunstwerk” art can not be taught, one must retur to the workshop. There is no such thing as art by profession art is only useful when it informs design. theres no difference between the artist and the artisan

training programme in weimar state funding, fees, wants to get funding directly from industry teaching is done masters of form, masters of craft

Johannes Itten most infuential tutor at the bauhaus book on colour theory

Paul Klee invited by itten called art curiosities for snobs encouragement of art in all directions

theo van doesburg der stil magazine the use of machines must be governed by artistic vision

ritveld Ritveld Chair

wassily chair

Marcel Breuer: Wassily Chair

1925 bauhaus moves from weimar to dessau 1928 gropius steps down, hannes meyer takes over makes the workshops for productive, more commercial work Schwintzer & Graff lamps herbert bayer bauhaus universal typeface barcelona pavillion bauhaus accused of being communist by national socialism mies van der rohe beocomes new head of the bauhaus

local nazis first action is to close the bauhaus

end of cabaret film everyone in nazi uniforms

tutors go on to do all sorts of different things

max bill helped build swiss design worked with dieter rahms

mariane brandt teapot barcelona chair all this stuff is still in production