An out­line of hack­ing cul­ture

Hacking started as a non-tech­no­log­i­cal thing. The term is coined at the Tech Model Railroad Club at MIT (in the 1940s). They had this huge train track and started us­ing early com­put­ers to con­trol sig­nals etc. They ended up us­ing a TX-0 valve com­puter (which was 3,000,000 at the time). The come up with the idea that in­for­ma­tion wants to be free.

Like any sub­cul­ture, these peo­ple start to make up their own words: Foobar, mung, hack (which is an elab­o­rate prank at MIT). See also the Jargon File 4.4.7

Language emerged from pro­gram­ming: if (going) and if (!going). Why are pro­gram­mers into fan­tasy lit­er­a­ture? Because cod­ing is a bit like magic (maybe).

Also The Homebrew Computer Club (where Woz and Jobs would hang out) and 2600 Hacker Quarterly. 2600Hz is the fre­quency that AT&T would use to in­di­cate that there was money in the phone (ie. if you could whis­tle into the phone cor­rectly you could make calls for free).

Hacking as protest

List of se­cu­rity hack­ing in­ci­dents

|1903|Magician hacks into a tele­graph ma­chine demon­stra­tion| |1943|Rene Carmille hacks the Nazis’ punch­card sys­tem| |1943|Tur­ing|

Von Neuman knew about self-repli­cat­ing ma­chines (ie. viruses) in the 1940s of course. See also Conway’s Game of Life. Also the re­cur­sive ver­sion.

The CCC hap­pens every year. (They in­vented Blinkenlights). Hilbilly Tracking of low earth or­bit. Also [USB Flashdrives for Freedom]

Aaron Swartz

Julian Oliver: Transparency Grenade - throw it into a build­ing and it starts log­ging net­work traf­fic. Here he’s us­ing a phys­i­cal ob­ject to give shape to this ab­stract protest idea.

Also windo tur­bines pow­er­ing a com­puter min­ing bit­coin fund­ing cli­mate re­search. A non-hu­man ob­ject that works by it­self. Hyvrid-protests.