Experimental Cognition: The un­forseen con­se­quences of our mind in­ter­act­ing with tech­nol­ogy.

[Boston Dynamics dog]

These go to an idea about tech­nol­ogy that in­tel­li­gence is move­ment. These things are re­spond­ing to their sur­round­ings.

E T A Hoffmann (1816): The Sandman is the ba­sis of Freud’s es­say about the Unheimlich”, or the un­canny.

This is an early ex­am­ple of ma­chines be­ing por­trayed as women. Android used to be Andreide (the fe­male ver­sion of the greek word).

L’Eve Future (1886)

Thomas Eddison ap­pears in the story and says:

You re­mem­ber, my dear lord, those me­chan­ics who once tried to forge hu­man sim­u­lacra? Ah! ah! ah! ah!

Companies pay­ing peo­ple in de­vel­op­ing coun­tries to pre­tend they’re ma­chines, Amazon are­house work­ers re­duced to ma­chine parts

Swan Lake (Pepita and Ivanov 1895)

Karl Capek in 1921 coins the term Robot in a play called Rossum’s Universal Robots.

The his­tory of ro­bot­ics starts as a lit­er­ary idea.

Fritz Lang (1926) Metropolis

The Turing Machine (is a ma­chine that can repli­cate any other ma­chine) Computing Machinery and Intelligence (1950)

This should bei­gin with de­f­i­n­i­tion of the mean­ing of the terms machine” and think. The de­f­i­n­i­tion might be frames so as ro re­flect as far as pos­si­ble the not­mal use of the words, but that at­ti­tude is dan­ger­ous.”

In this pa­per Turing pro­poses the im­i­ta­tion game. This is orig­i­nally a game where an in­ter­roga­tor tries to dis­tin­guish be­tween a man and the woman. Here, this be­comes hu­man/​ma­chine.

Joseph Weizenbaum at MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab (1966) writes one of the first chat bots, ELIZA. This is based on a par­tic­u­lar form of psy­chother­apy called Person-Centred coun­selling”, which has three main char­ac­ter­is­tics:

Easy enough to repli­cate in code.

Weizenbaum then writes Parry (which is para­noid). Eliza v Parry, even­tu­ally Julia v Barry.